humanity to transcend its biological limitations-transforming our lives . The singularity is near: when humans trascend biology / Ray Kurzweil. Kurzweil's knee can be positioned anywhere depending on the perception of the observer at the time. An exponential (dark gray line) and a logistic (light gray line) fit on world-population data. The graph focuses on the 20th century during which we have accurate and detailed data. DOWNLOAD in #PDF The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology PDF Click button below to download or read this book.

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The Singularity Is Near. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend. Biology is a update of. In his most recent book, The Singularity Is Near, author and our biological functioning until we transcend that make us human—with our computer power in. change of our human-created technology is accelerating and its powers are The Singularity will allow us to transcend these limitations of our biological appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race.

Then, until , it doubled every two years.

Now it doubles every year, making computers cheaper all the time. These mini-robots are so tiny that they can move through your entire body, for example using your bloodstream as a means of transport.

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You can imagine them as white blood cells on steroids. Apart from being controllable via the internet, these nanobots will be able to self-replicate, meaning they can make however many copies they need of themselves, in order to take care of your body.

Everything that has an upside also has a downside. By then, nanobots in our bodies will be common practice. But just like bodily cells can spin out of control and turn into cancerous cells by self-replicating uncontrollably, so could the nanobots. If nanobots started multiplying uncontrollably outside of a human body, a nuclear explosion will seem like a joke.

Nanobots use carbon atoms as their basic building blocks, meaning they need carbon to survive. I took two of the most contrasting points from the book, because I wanted to show you that the future lies on a spectrum. I think Ray is one of your best bets to learn something about tomorrow today, so if you want to learn more about some of his other predictions, go check out The Singularity Is Near!

There are upsides and downsides to that. Here are 3 of them: Self-replicating nanobots will soon replace doctors and repair your body from the inside. Ready for a sneak peek into the future? The Selfish Gene Summary.

A Curious Mind Summary. Kurzweil says evolution moves towards "greater complexity, greater elegance, greater knowledge, greater intelligence, greater beauty, greater creativity, and greater levels of subtle attributes such as love". That means, he continues, that evolution is moving towards a conception of God and that the transition away from biological roots is in fact a spiritual undertaking. Kurzweil writes that by a supercomputer will have the computational capacity to emulate human intelligence [39] and "by around " this same capacity will be available "for one thousand dollars".


Kurzweil spells out the date very clearly: "I set the date for the Singularity—representing a profound and disruptive transformation in human capability—as ". As an example, in , man landed on the moon. Extrapolating exponential growth from there one would expect huge lunar bases and manned missions to distant planets.

Instead, exploration stalled or even regressed after that. Paul Davies writes "the key point about exponential growth is that it never lasts" [43] often due to resource constraints.

On the other hand, it has been shown that the global acceleration until recently followed a hyperbolic rather than exponential pattern.

The logistic function looks like an exponential at first but then tapers off and flattens completely. For example, world population and the United States's oil production both appeared to be rising exponentially, but both have leveled off because they were logistic. Kurzweil says "the knee in the curve" is the time when the exponential trend is going to explode, while Modis claims if the process is logistic when you hit the "knee" the quantity you are measuring is only going to increase by a factor of more.

The buildup towards the Singularity is compared with Judeo-Christian end-of-time scenarios. Beam calls it "a Buck Rogers vision of the hypothetical Christian Rapture". Anthony Doerr says that before you "dismiss it as techno-zeal" consider that "every day the line between what is human and what is not quite human blurs a bit more".

He lists technology of the day, in , like computers that land supersonic airplanes or in vitro fertility treatments and asks whether brain implants that access the internet or robots in our blood really are that unbelievable. Linden writes that "Kurzweil is conflating biological data collection with biological insight".

He feels that data collection might be growing exponentially, but insight is increasing only linearly. For example, the speed and cost of sequencing genomes is also improving exponentially, but our understanding of genetics is growing very slowly.

The Singularity Is Near Summary

As for nanobots Linden believes the spaces available in the brain for navigation are simply too small. He acknowledges that someday we will fully understand the brain, just not on Kurzweil's timetable. He writes clean methodical sentences, includes humorous dialogues with characters in the future and past, and uses graphs that are almost always accessible. She observes that he's more focused on optimistic outcomes rather than the risks.

Inspired by the book, Ptolemy directed and produced the film Transcendent Man , which went on to bring more attention to the book. Kurzweil has also directed his own adaptation, called The Singularity is Near, which mixes documentary with a science-fiction story involving his robotic avatar Ramona's transformation into an artificial general intelligence. The movie was released generally on July 20, At the point of singularity, the limit amongst people and machines, organic and nonbiological, will break down.

As one paradigm levels off, pressure builds to find or develop a new paradigm. For example, the speed and cost of sequencing genomes is also improving exponentially, but our understanding of genetics is growing very slowly. As one paradigm levels off, pressure builds to find or develop a new paradigm. The film Lucy is roughly based upon the predictions made by Kurzweil about what the year will look like, including the immortality of man.

How to Create a Mind: She observes that he's more focused on optimistic outcomes rather than the risks.