IBM Rational Functional Tester. Validate application quality with functional and regression test automation. Provides robust testing support for Java, Web, SAP. IBM® Rational® Functional Tester is an object-oriented automated testing tool When you record a script, Rational Functional Tester automatically creates a. >Powerful scripting language and IDE for the professional tester. Functional Testing with IBM Rational Functional Tester. Test automation for the novice and the.
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Essentials of IBM® Rational® Functional Tester. Module 2: Creating data-driven tests. This presentation will provide an overview of scripting with Rational. Rational Functional Tester is an object-oriented automated functional testing tool capable of performing automated functional, regression, GUI, and data-driven. Lab 1 Getting Started with IBM Rational Functional Tester Lab 2 Recording a Script. Lab 3 Playing Back a Script and Viewing Results.
Rational Test project is used for storing test assets like test plans test cases, test logs, reports, builds etc. To associate a Functional Tester project with a Rational project, a Rational project needs to be created to store the test assets.
Functional Test project stores all application test assets like scripts, object maps, verification point baseline files and script templates.
Functional Test project is created before recording the scripts. We can not play back Functional Tester script or test cases or suites that include Functional Tester scripts in disassociated project from TestManager.
Test Manager deletes test script source from the disassociated project. This operation can not be undo. If we associate Functional Test project with Rational project again, TestManager creates new test script source. We can export project items like scripts, test object maps, Java files, Visual Basic files and data pools to another Functional Tester project.
When we export a script Functional Tester includes all necessary files like shared test object maps even though it was not selected by us. During the recording verification points can be inserted in the script to confirm the state of an object in the application.
Run Scripts Through the Rational Functional Tester Command Line PDF
A verification point captures the object information based upon the type of verification point and stores it in a baseline data file. The information in the base file becomes baseline of expected state of object during subsequent builds.
Data verification point has five further points: Menu hierarchy verification point, Table verification point, Text verification point, Tree hierarchy verification point, List verification point. Also, the script contains no references to the browser during the recording, we can play back the script using any of the supported versions of Firefox, Mozilla, Internet Explorer or Netscape.
Parent-child nesting and Owner-owned nesting Q. RFT compresses a copy of the files into a data transfer file with the name specified by us. It also appends a.
NET Scripting extension to it. All Functional Tester scripts use default helper superclass. These scripts extend the RationalTestScript class and thereby inherit a number of methods. However, advanced users can create their own helper superclass if they want to add additional methods or override the methods within RationalTestScript. Project items like scripts, test object maps, Java files or Visual Basic files, and datapools can be imported into a Functional Tester project.
Functional Tester adds all the project items from the data transfer file into the project specified by us. We can use any file compression program which support the. As your familiarity with IBM Rational Functional Tester increases you should consider how you can automate resetting the test bed potentially to a variety of different configurations. Ensure that the benefits received by automating the resetting of the test bed outweigh the cost of developing the necessary code within IBM Rational Functional Tester.
For each dynamic test bed component that you decide to automate the resetting of, detail how it will be achieved using IBM Rational Functional Tester. Define Failure Recovery Routines One of the distinct benefits of automated testing is the ability to verify the quality of an application without any human interaction.
On occasions due to test script faults, defects within the application, and incorrect test bed configurations, to mention a few the automated tests will become unsynchronised with the application under test.
In summary the application under test is not in the same state that the automated test is expecting. If a synchronisation error occurs it will typically leave any unexecuted automated tests incapable of running. To minimise the number of affected tests, the test team should consider incorporating some form of failure recovery into their automation testing solution. The sophistication of a failure recovery routine will depend on the ability to control the test bed using IBM Rational Functional Tester.
It is recommended that a test team start with simple failure recovery routines, such as those used to handle unexpected active windows. As a minimum, each failure recovery routine should be described in terms of the criteria or signal that will trigger the routine, the test bed components affected and the state to which the test bed components will be returned.
Define Test Data Structure and Storage Needs One of the powers of automated testing is the ability to perform the same scenario multiple times, with different variants of test data. To take advantage of this power, the test data must be stored in a maintainable format, which can be easily accessed by both the test team and the automated test script. As a rule of thumb, large volumes of hard-coded values should be avoided and the test data should be stored independently of the automated test script.
Rational Functional Tester
The possibilities for independent data storage are endless, but a common set of options exist, including IBM Rational Datapools, Excel spreadsheets and external databases. Define Package Structure As you automated testing solution grows it will quickly expand to a large number of elements, including various test scripts, datapools and verification points.
To avoid your automated testing solution becoming unmanageable and difficult to maintain, it is a good idea to agree a package structure before your begin the majority of your automating testing development.
However, it is typical to subdivide test scripts into separate packages that represent functional areas, application feature or use-case. Agree Naming Conventions Maintaining an automated testing solution can be significantly aided by using a common set of naming conventions throughout the entire test team.
Naming conventions will also increase readability and help other testers read your automated test scripts as if they were their own. Many organisation own naming conventions that apply to other area of the software development lifecycle. Where appropriate, the test team may also use these conventions.
Identify Common-Code Owner and Policy Reusing common-code within an automated testing solution can dramatically reduce development time and increase maintainability by providing a single point fix. As each test script within a Functional Tester Project inherits from the Super Helper Class any changes made to the Super Helper Class may affect the way in which each test script performs its tests.
Therefore any changes made to the Super Helper Class that is to say, the common-code should be controlled.Uses fuzzy matching algorithms to locate objects during test execution, even if the objects have changed since test creation. For each dynamic test bed component that you decide to automate the resetting of, detail how it will be achieved using IBM Rational Functional Tester. Automating functional testing tends to receive less investment than it should, to the detriment of organizations everywhere.
Overview[ edit ] Rational Functional Tester is a software test automation tool used by quality assurance teams to perform automated regression testing.
Some of the test bed components will remain static during testing typically, the operating system , whilst other test bed components will change as a result of the automated testing.
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